New dental materials developed, with bioactive glass doped with fluoride, to stop degradation of demineralized dentin and evoke remineralization

Salvatore Sauro, Professor of dental biomaterials and minimally invasive dentistry at CEU Cardenal Herrera University, in Spain, has collaborated with several researchers from Finland, Brazil, Belgium, Germany and the UK on the development of innovative dental biomaterials for the regeneration of dental hard tissues.

Bacterial plaque causes tooth decay due to acids produced by different bacteria species; this has trigged an intense research activity for the development of novel restorative biomaterials with protective and self-healing remineralizing properties. In this new study, Salvatore Sauro, a professor of CEU Cardenal Herrera University (Spain) specialized in the development of innovative dental biomaterials, has collaborated with several researchers from Finland, Brazil, Belgium, Germany and the United Kingdom in order to accomplish this target. Indeed, this international group of research generated two new dental restorative biomaterials containing bioactive glasses, and assessed their effectiveness in reducing the enzymatic auto-degradation of collagen fibres and evoking their remineralization.

The aim of the study was to evaluate the inhibition of endogenous proteolytic enzymes of dentin and the remineralization induced by two different innovative experimental resins containing bioactive glasses: one containing micro-particles of Bioglass 45S5 and the other one containing micro-particles of an experimental bioactive glass enriched with fluoride and high amount of phosphates. Their anti-degradation effects was evaluated on completely demineralized human dentin specimens after immersion in artificial saliva for a period of thirty days by means of an immunohistochemical process. The remineralization evoked by such experimental bioactive resins was also evaluated by means of infrared spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy.

Greater effectiveness with fluoride and phosphates

According to Professor Salvatore Sauro and his co-authors, ” the resin-based material containing the experimental bioactive glass enriched with fluoride and phosphates resulted to be more efficient in inhibiting the enzymatic-mediated degradation of demineralized dentine collagen, and more bioactive than the one containing Bioglass 45S5. This was mainly due to the fluoride ions as well as to the large amount of phosphates released by the material, which accelerated dentin remineralization and reduced the degradation of demineralized dentin collagen via inhibition of matrix metalloproteinases and cysteine cathepsins.

This type of experimental bioactive material would therefore be more suitable for the development of new restorative dental materials for the clinical treatment of the dental caries.

Publication in the Journal of Dental Research

Professor Sauro perform his research activity mainly at CEU Cardenal Herrera University, (Spain) as well as at King’s College London (UK) where he has an honorary position as research senior lecturer. He spends most of his time in the development of minimally invasive treatments and therapeutic bioactive dental composites for the treatment and restoration of caries affected dentin, such as those tested in this study — which seem to be able to prevent the degradation of dentin collagen and evoke the remineralization of demineralized dental tissues. In this study, Dr Salvatore Sauro collaborated with researchers from the Department of Restorative Dentistry of the University of Turku (Finland); the Faculty of Dentistry of the University of Fortaleza (Brazil); the Biomaterials Group of the University of Ghent (Belgium); the Friedrich Schiller University of Jena (Germany); and the Dental Institute of King’s College London (United Kingdom), institution of which Salvatore Sauro is a Visiting Senior Lecturer.

The study is published in the Journal of Dental Research.

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